• Archdiocese



Second Bishop of Montreal
Ignace Bourget

Bishop Ignace Bourget exercised his pastoral care in constantly agitated social, cultural and political circumstances. He invited into our country several (male and female) religious communities that were active in Europe and supported four female religious communities founded here. He established important charities such as the Saint Vincent de Paul Society and was involved in the founding of the Montreal City and District Savings Bank (later renamed Laurentian Bank) to encourage workers to save. He vigorously promoted the involvement of laypeople.

Arrival of religious communities

1841 Arrival of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate
1844 Arrival of the Sisters of the Sacred Heart
1847 Arrival of the Fathers, Brothers and Sisters of Holy Cross
1865 Arrival of the Brothers of Charity
1875 Arrival of the Carmelites
1875 Arrival of the White Fathers (Missionaries of Africa)

Religious communities created here

1843 Sisters of Providence (Émilie Gamelin)
1843 Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary (Eulalie Durocher)
1848 Sisters of Misericorde (Rosalie Cadron-Jetté)
1848 Sisters of Saint Anne (Esther Blondin)

Major events

1840 The Congregation of Saint Sulpice is entrusted with the training of clergy
1841 Start of Mélanges religieux, which later became Semaine religieuse, then Vivre en Église
1847 Establishment of the Saint Vincent de Paul Society
1870 Laying of the foundation stone of the Montreal cathedral