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Auxiliary Bishops

From left to right: Bishop Alain Faubert, Archbishop Christian Lépine

Auxiliary Bishops

Most Reverend Christian Lépine, Archbishop of Montreal since 2012, is the pastor of the Church of Montreal. He is supported in his mission by two auxiliary bishops, Alain Faubert and Frank Leo.

Biographie

Frank Leo-eveque auxiliaire

Naissance : June 30, 1971 in Montreal
Ordination presbytérale : December 14, 1996
Ordination épiscopale : September 12, 2022
Devise : ''Do whatever he tells you'

Born in Montreal in 1971 to Italian immigrant parents Francesco Leo and †Rosa Valente, Bishop Leo attended Eugenio Pacelli Elementary School, John F. Kennedy High School and CEGEP Vanier. He then entered the Grand Séminaire de Montréal in 1990 and was ordained a priest for service to the Archdiocese of Montreal on 14 December 1996. He served in different parish assignments in Montréal (assistant pastor at Our Lady of Consolata, parochial administrator of Saint-Joseph-de-RDP, and pastor of Saint-Raymond-de-Peñafort) until 2006 when he accepted the invitation to enroll in the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy in Rome and subsequently enter the Diplomatic Service of the Holy See (2006-2012), serving in different Apostolic Nunciatures across the globe. On 9 January 2012, Pope Benedict XVI appointed him Chaplain of His Holiness, bestowing the title of Monsignor

Upon his return to Canada, he joined the formation team of the Grand Séminaire de Montréal, teaching theology and philosophy while providing spiritual direction, formation and accompaniment to the candidates for the priesthood. In the fall of 2015 he was appointed General Secretary of the Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops (CCCB), a mandate which came to an end in the fall of 2021. As of February 1st 2022, Bishop Leo was named Vicar General and Moderator of the Curia of the Archdiocese of Montreal.

In addition to his extensive graduate studies in Canon Law (Pontifical Lateran University), Diplomacy and International Law, Bishop Leo holds a Doctorate in Systematic Theology (University of Dayton ⁄ IMRI) with a specialization in Mariology, a Licentiate in Philosophy (Pontifical Lateran University), a Diploma in Classical Studies (Université de Montréal) and a Graduate Certificate in Spiritual Direction (Aquinas Institute of Theology). He worked as a Judge for the Canadian Appeal Tribunal and has taught theology, spirituality and philosophy at Montreal, Canberra (Australia), Dayton (USA) and Ottawa, among other places. He speaks English, French, Italian and Spanish. Bishop Leo is President and founding member of the Canadian Mariological Society, Knight of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem as well as a member of the Priestly Fraternity of St. Domenic (Third Order Dominican).

Coat of Arms

 

Armoiries de Mgr Frank Leo

Each Bishop possesses his own coat of arms that bears his episcopal motto — usually a quotation from Sacred Scripture — and symbols that have personal significance. The coat of arms is used on documents, letterhead and other items pertaining to that Bishop.

According to Catholic ecclesiastical heraldic tradition, the coat of arms of a Bishop traditionally consists of:

- A shield, which can take various forms (always traceable to heraldic shield features) and contains charges (symbols) drawn from personal ideals, or from family traditions and heritage, or from references to one's name, religious significance, living/geographical environment, historical meaning or other. The shield is the central and most important feature of any heraldic device. 

- A processional cross, in gold, “impaled”, that is placed vertically (in palo), behind and extending above and below the shield with one traversal bar, to represent the rank of the Bishop.

- A prelate hat (galero), with cords of twelve tassels, suspended — six tassels in identical rows of one, two and three on either side of the shield in a pyramidal style — all in green. These heraldic insignia signify the rank of Bishop.

- A lower scroll appearing below everything else, bearing the Bishop’s motto, customarily written in black.

In Bishop Leo’s case, a gold "trefoiled" processional cross was chosen, with five red gems to indicate the Five Wounds of Christ.

Heraldic description (Blazon) of Bishop Leo's shield

"Quatrefoiled in gold and azure: in the 1st to the pelican with its natural piety; in the 2nd to the star (7) in silver; in the 3rd to the boat with the wind in its stern in gold, floating on two silver burettes; in the 4th to the lion rampant in red.

The motto

QUODCUMQUE DIXERIT FACITE 

(John 2:5)

In ecclesiastical heraldry, a Prelate’s personal motto has always been intended to represent major aspects of his spirituality, devotions and theologically based philosophy of life, and is most frequently grounded in Sacred Scripture, Sacred Tradition, and personal spiritual and ministerial reflections and considerations.

For his own episcopal motto Bishop Leo adopted the Latin phrase QUODCUMQUE DIXERIT FACITE (in English: Do Whatever He Tells you) - words taken from the Gospel according to Saint John, by which the Evangelist illustrates the episode known as "the wedding at Cana" an account steeped in exquisite and profound symbolism, and rich in spiritual and pastoral teachings. Firstly, according to the Gospel writer, it is the first miracle performed by Jesus and, it should be emphasized, takes place at the request of the Blessed Virgin Mary a vital detail which underscores the importance of Our Lady in the life and ministry of Christ himself, an importance that will be codified with Jesus' final words on the Cross, addressed to her and to the Beloved Disciple, making her the universal Mother and specifically Mother of the Church. The motto underscores the Virgin Mother’s role of intercessor for the needs of Christ’s disciples. These are likewise the last recorded words of Mother Mary in the Gospels – a sort of spiritual testament.

Moreover, the two elements that form a prominent part in this episode are water and wine — the biblical references to both are innumerable: symbols of the Sacraments which channel to us sanctifying grace; the Holy Spirit who transforms our lives and renews the life of the Church; the ancient Covenant with the Jewish people and now the new and eternal Covenant sealed with the sacrifice of Christ. In particular, water is understood as the source of life, the water that flows from the rock, the water that bears a particular significance to creation as mentioned in the Book of Genesis. Wine speaks to us of the truth of transubstantiation and how this element becomes, on the altar during the Eucharistic celebration, the Most Precious Blood of Christ. It refers to the mystery of the memorial Sacrifice for our redemption which is offered to God.

This Johannine passage is thus dense with rich symbolism, impactful and important signs that underscore multiple aspects of the Catholic faith.

Interpretation

Bishop Leo’s coat of arms is drawn from four principal aspects and devotions of his life and ministry, and is depicted on the shield in four quarters.

In the upper left (dexter chief) is found one of the most widespread Christological and Eucharistic symbols in Christian iconography: the pelican depicted opening its own flesh with its beak to feed its young with the blood that flows from it. This symbol refers to Christ himself as being the "Pie pellicane", words found in the Adoro Te Devote, an ancient Eucharistic hymn attributed to Saint Thomas Aquinas: “Pie pellicane, Jesu Domine, me immundum munda tuo sanguine, cuius una stilla salvum facere totum mundum quit ab omni scelere” — “O loving Pelican, Jesus Lord, Unclean though I am, but cleanse me in your blood. One drop of which can free the entire world of all its sins.” It speaks of Christ shedding his own blood for all of humanity and how he continues to nourish us with his own flesh and blood in the Holy Mass. In the Gospel passage reported in. John 6:30, there is depicted a dialogue that took place in the synagogue at Capernaum. The Jews asked Jesus what sign he could perform so they might believe in him. They noted: “our ancestors ate manna in the desert.” Jesus replied that the real bread from heaven comes from the Father and it is himself, Jesus: “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of man and drink his blood, you have no life in you; he who eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day. For my flesh is food indeed, and my blood is drink indeed. He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood abides in me, and I in him” (John 6:53-56). The Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist as the One who nourishes us with his Sacred Body and Precious Blood is a fundamental doctrine of the Catholic faith.

A seven-point star is found on the upper right (sinister chief) and is the traditional and well-known Marian symbol par excellence. It refers to the invocation of the Virgin Mary as the Morning Star or "Stella matutina" found in the Litany of Loreto. The Morning Star is a sign of the coming day, preceding the rising sun. It is a promise of light, announcing the coming of the "sun of justice" (Malachi 4:1-3), the "daybreak from on high visiting us" (Luke 1:78). We know that the Blessed Mother is the Morning Star not for and through herself; she is indeed the reflection of God, her Creator and Redeemer. She exalts his glory and points to his light and salvation. According to Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, the great Troubadour of Mary, a star is a fitting comparison since it radiates light without losing its brightness, just as Our Lady, in giving birth to Christ did not lose her virginity. The symbolism of the star also refers to Our Lady as the Star of the Sea or “Stella Maris”, a title found in the medieval hymn Ave Maris Stella and whose praises are sung by the same Saint Bernard, famous for the invocation: Respice stellam, voca Mariam – Look upon the Star, call upon Mary. “If the winds of temptation arise; if you are driven upon the rocks of tribulation look to the star, call on Mary. If you are tossed upon the waves of pride, of ambition, of envy, of rivalry, look to the star, call on Mary. Should anger, or avarice, or fleshly desire violently assail the frail vessel of your soul, look at the star, call upon Mary.” Moreover, she is referred to as the Polar Star, or North Star, which navigators in antiquity looked to in seeking the right course so as to arrive safely to their destination. She is therefore our guiding light, our heavenly Mother, who is accompanies us as a loving companion on the journey of holiness in reaching Heaven, interceding for us. Finally, the Blessed Mother is also called the Star of the New Evangelization, which means she inspires and guides the Church’s apostolic efforts in bringing the Gospel to all peoples. The star is in silver (“argent”), a colour which depicts an array of heavenly attributes, personified in Our Lady’s purity, mercy and love. Bishop Leo entrusts his life, vocation and new pastoral ministry to her maternal mediation and intercession.

On the lower right (dexter base) is a boat floating on the waves and navigating amid the tempests. This is a well-known and clear reference to the Catholic Church established by Jesus Christ, the barque of Saint Peter. It is an ancient Christian symbol and reminds one of the struggles the Church endures, tossed about by raging winds, amid storms on the many rough seas of darkness and persecution but remaining set on its course and mission to bring to the harbour of salvation all of the travellers. Biblically, the imagery finds its origins in Noah’s ark in the deluge (Genesis and 1 Peter 3:20-21), and more clearly in the Gospel scene of Jesus protecting the boat of Saint Peter with him and the other apostles amid the stormy sea of Galilee (cf. Mark 4:35-41). 

The depiction of a lion is found on the lower right (sinister base) and is meant to recall the Bishop's surname, Leo, which is Latin for lion. The lion is depicted as rampant, meaning “on its hind legs”, with the head in profile. Biblically, the lion is a symbol of courage, power and strength, the victory of God (cf. Genesis 49:9-10; Revelation 4:7). The lion is the emblem of dignity, of a powerful and fearless ruler, of majesty and strong leadership. It is likewise an image of Christ, the King of Kings. The Messianic title, the Lion of Judah, is applied to Christ himself as we read in the Book of Revelation (5:5): “Do not weep. The lion of the tribe of Judah, the root of David, has triumphed.” Finally, there is an ancient belief that lion cubs were born dead and after three days were brought to life by their father’s roar. The lion is in red, the colour of blood and also of charity, a reminder of the ardent and infinite love of the Father who sent to us his Only Begotten Son and who shed his blood for our redemption and for the forgiveness of sins. It signifies also that the virtue of charity is key and an integral part for the pastoral zeal of the new Bishop, as a successor to the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ.

Blue is the colour symbolizing the incorruptibility of the heavenly vault, of the ideals that rise upward, and represents detachment from the earthly and passing, and the soul's ascent toward God. The colour gold, the first among the “noble” metals (those resistant to corrosion), is symbolic of the first virtue: faith. For it is through faith that we can fully understand the love and salvation that the eternal and loving Father offers to all of us, his beloved children in Christ Jesus.

Biography

Bishop Alain Faubert
Birth:
April 4, 1965
Priestly ordination: June 9, 1995
Episcopal ordination: June 15, 2016
Motto : ''Son amour s'étend d'âge en âge'' (His love extends from generation to generation)

Born in Montreal on April 4, 1965, Alain Faubert grew up in Laval, in Saint-Sylvain Parish. While studying at Collège Laval, under the direction of the Marist Brothers, Faubert experienced a spiritual awakening around age 14.

After completing studies at the Grand Séminaire de Montréal, a diaconal internship at Saint-Urbain Parish, and a master's degree in pastoral studies at Université de Montréal, he was ordained a diocesan priest for the Church of Montreal on June 9, 1995. He was then appointed curate at Sainte-Dorothée Parish, before beginning full-time doctoral studies in ecclesiology at Institut catholique de Paris and at Université Laval in Quebec City. His thesis, defended in August 2010, examined the presidential dimension of the pastoral ministry of bishops and priests.

Upon returning from studies in 2004, Alain Faubert was appointed curate for the parish cluster in Outremont (Montreal) comprising three parishes, and Assistant to the Director of the Diocesan Office for Faith Education.  He then became Assistant for the Catechumenate Service, after which he was named Assistant to the Vicar General. From 2004 to 2010, he also co-hosted Parole et Vie, a television magazine show that examined the contemporary search for spiritual and religious meaning from various perspectives. He also taught ecclesiology and the theology of ministry at Institut de formation théologique de Montréal.

In January 2011, he was appointed Episcopal Vicar of the eastern region of the Archdiocese of Montreal. In May of the same year, he was named a Chaplain of His Holiness (Monsignor). Pastor of Saint-Germain Parish in Outremont since September 2012, Alain Faubert was appointed an Auxiliary Bishop of Montreal, Titular Bishop of Vicus Pacati, by His Holiness Pope Francis on April 19, 2016.

Since September 1, 2016, Bishop Faubert has been vicar general for pastoral and missionary affairs for the Archdiocese of Montreal.

Coat of Arms

Armoiries de Mgr Alain Faubert

A heart surmounted by a cross is the symbol of the "Jesus Caritas" fraternities. Rooted in the spirituality of Blessed Charles de Foucauld, Bishop Faubert has been a fraternity member since his seminary days. The "life of Nazareth," the preferential option for the poor, contemplation in action, and following in the footsteps of Christ and Brother Charles: all are defining elements of his personal spirituality and his pastoral approach.

The "M" crowned with stars symbolizes the Virgin Mary and the Marists. It represents Bishop Faubert's attachment to the Marist movement and the spirituality of its founder, St. Marcellin Champagnat. The three violets below it denote the "little virtues" that Marcellin espoused: humility, simplicity and modesty.

The "celestial" blue stream that flows from the cross is a symbol of Baptism, the source of everything. It also represents the Petite-Nation River, which runs through the Fauberts' ancestral region in the Outaouais. The river gives shape to a mountain, the village of Montpellier. The anvil depicts the blacksmith trade, which Florimond, Bishop Faubert's grandfather, practiced there.

The colours of the coat of arms are emblematic of the three theological virtues: azure (Faith), green (Hope), gold and red (Divine Glory, through Love and the Cross).

The seashell signifies the Camino of Santiago, on which Bishop Faubert journeyed as a pilgrim and as a brother to all seeking God.

Bishop Faubert's motto, "Son amour s'étend d'âge en âge "(His love extends from generation to generation), is drawn from the Magnificat (Lk 1: 50), which Mary sang when visiting her cousin Elizabeth (The Visitation). It encapsulates the heart of the Gospel: the Lord's invincible love. Contemplating and welcoming this love must remain the first priority throughout our lives. The Greek text and the Latin translation of the first words of the motto draw attention to the nature of the Lord's faithful love: it is merciful. This recalls the Jubilee Year of Mercy, during which Bishop Faubert received his episcopal ordination. Greek and Latin also call to mind our scriptural roots and the universality of the faith.

Finally, the green six-tasselled ecclesiastical hat and the gold Latin cross are the traditional symbols of episcopal ministry.

Meet Bishop Faubert

 

 

Bishop Emeritus Jude Saint-Antoine

Mgr Jude Saint-Antoine, évêque auxiliaire à Montréal


Birth: October 29, 1930
Priestly ordination: May 31, 1956
Episcopal ordination: May 22, 1981
Motto: "Grandir en Église" (Nurtured in the Church)
Resignation: 2006

Jude Saint-Antoine was born in Montreal on October 29, 1930.  He attended the parish school of the Sisters of Jésus-Marie and the brothers of the écoles chrétiennes de Maisonneuve. He continued his secondary education at l’Externat classique Sainte-Croix and at collège l’Assomption. After completing his theological formation at the Grand Séminaire de Montréal, he received his priestly ordination from Cardinal Paul-Émile Léger on May 31, 1956 at the parish of Saint-Enfant-Jésus de Pointe-aux-Trembles.

He was named professor and student animator at collège l’Assomption, and in the following years at collège Saint-Paul and Cégep Bois-de-Boulogne, where he was a member of the foundation team. Licenced in Theology and Education Sciences at l’Université de Montréal, he obtained a doctorate in Spiritual Theology at the Gregorian University of Rome in 1963.

In 1975, Most Reverend Paul Grégoire made him pastor of Saint-Benoit parish, and four years later Episcopal Vicar of the Centre-West area of Montreal.  Called by Pope John Paul II to become Auxiliary Bishop of Montreal, Monseigneur Saint-Antoine was ordained bishop on May 22, 1981 at Mary Queen of the World Cathedral. He represented the bishops at the Catholic committee of the Conseil Supérieur de l’Éducation, at the Office de Catéchèse du Québec, and in various spiritual movements. He was a member of several episcopal committees including the Education committee. In 1990, Msgr. Jean-Claude Turcotte invited him to be director of the Pastoral Office of Personnel and director of the spiritual renewal of priests successively.

In 2006, he became Bishop Emeritus in what is an ongoing retreat at the Cathedral of Montreal.